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District Profile

 

 

Demography   Local Geography    Forest and Rivers    History / Culture / Tourism

District at a Glance

Chatra district was a subdivision of Hazaribagh district and was created as districts vide notification no. 128 dated 29-05-1991 Personnel and Administrative Reforms Dept., Govt. of Bihar. The district comprises of one subdivision, 12 development Blocks/Anchals, 154 Panchayats and 1474 Revenue Villages. There is only one municipality - that is at the district head quarter of Chatra. There are 14 thanas (Police Station) in Chatra District. Chatra is passing through a very serious phase of extremists' violence by the banned naxal outfit called the M.C.C. (Maoist Communist Centre). How ever in the recent past the Chatra Police have been quite successful in stemming the red tide of the naxal wave. The Chatra Police has made a number of important arrests of naxalite personnel as well as seized a number of arms and ammunition along with lethal explosive materials and devices. The success of the Chatra Police against the naxal outfits has to a large extent led to the limiting of naxal violence.

A full-fledged judgeship has started functioning from 16th of June 2001. Under District and Session Judge, assisted by Additional District Judge, Chief Judicial Magistrate, Judicial Magistrates and Munsiff Magistrate. The District also has a functioning District Consumer Forum. The forest portion comprises of 4 territorial divisions (North, South Chatra, Koderma, Hazaribagh West) one afforestation division and 2 state trading divisions. The forest of Chatra is full of variety of medicinal plants, Kendu leaves, Bamboo, Sal, Teak, other timber species and a wide range of carnivorous & herbivorous wild animals. The district has one wild life sanctuary also known as the Lawalong Wild Life Sanctuary, which hosts even tigers. The sanctuary was established vide Bihar Govt notification no. 49/ 48/333 - F, dated 15/07/1978. 82 villages are located within the sanctuary area of which 21 villages are in the core area and 61 villages are situated in the buffer zone. The area of the sanctuary is 26, 886.23 hectares. In the sanctuary the principal animals that are found are Tigers, Leopards, Bear, Neelgai, Sambhar, Peacock, Wild Boar and Deer, together with variety of snakes and birds.

Demography

Chatra district (Hindi: चतरा जिला) is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India, and Chatra is the administrative headquarters of this district. The district covers an area of 3706 km². It has a population of 791,434 (Census 2001).

According to the 2011 census Chatra district has a population of 1,042,304,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[7] or the US state of Rhode Island.[8] This gives it a ranking of 434rd in India (out of a total of 640).[6] The district has a population density of 275 inhabitants per square kilometre (710 /sq mi) .[6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 28.98 %.[6] Chatra has a sex ratio of 951 females for every 1000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of 62.14 %.[6]p;


The Population distribution as per the census 2001 is given below:-


      Name

Population
(2001)

Male

Female

1

 Chatra*

169741

87767

81974

2

Hunterganj

143412

73473

69939

3

Pratappur

88771

45623

43148

4

Kunda

22569

11748

10821

5

Lawalong

38812

20111

18701

6

Itkhori

105470

51853

53617

7

Gidhour

30868

15756

15112

8

Pathalgada

25868

12934

12752

9

Simaria

84894

43406

41488

10

Tandwa

81211

41396

39815

 

Total

791434

404067

387367

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Local Geography

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION:
               
Chatra district is located in the Hazaribag plateau. It is bounded by the district of Gaya of Bihar state in the north, Palamu district in the west and Latehar in the South and Koderma and Hazaribag district in the East. It has an area of 3706 sq. km and population of 7,90,680 persons (Census of India, 2001). The district comprises Two Subdivision and twelve development blocks viz. Chatra, Simaria, Pratappur, Huntergunj, Itkhori, Tandwa, Kunda, Lawalong, Gidhour, Pathalgada, Mayurhand and Kanhachatti.

PHYSICAL ASPECTS:
   Major parts of the geographical area of the district are formed of red laterite acidic soil. Upland has generally covered by Morum and Stone.  The landscape is formed of hills and undulating plateau. The inhabitants of this area depend primarily on agriculture and forest products for their livelihood.   Almost 90% of the total population depends on agriculture.  The main crop of this area is paddy. Millets, Mustard, Niger and Maize are also quite popular.  Wheat, Gram, pea, Soya beans, Groundnut etc. are also being cultivated. Total cultivated land is about 134024 hect, out of which only 16367-hect is irrigated. The agriculture is mainly depended on rainwater. The main forest products are Mahuwa, Chironjii, Lah ,Kendu leaves,Jack fruit,Black berry etc..

 

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River and Forest

RIVER: 
               Since the district consists of part of Upper Hazaribag plateau and Lower Hazaribag plateau and northen scarp, it presents diverse physiographic features. It has an elevation of about 450 m. Kalua hill and Lahabar hill forms the higher elevations of the district. Due to scarp landforms some waterfalls are observed in the district. The general slope of the district is from north to south. Geologically the area is comprised with Archean granites and gneisses. In southern part Gondwana rock formation occur in patches. Major rivers flowing in the district are Yamuna, Barki, Chako, Damodar and Garhi.


CLIMATE:

The district receives an annual rainfall of 1250 mm. and most of the rainfall occurs during the rainy season. During winter season the area receive 1 to 2 mm rainfall. The mean annual temperature remains about 250C but in summer season it reaches upto 460C and in winter season it comes down to 2 to 30C.

Agriculture and Land Use:

The major portion of the district is covered by forest (60.4 % of TGA) and has scattered settlement pattern. The forest is full of variety of medicinal plants, kendu leaves, bamboo, sal, teak and other timber species. The district has considerable flat land, which provide suitable site for agricultural use. The hilly areas are mostly under forest with patches of cultivation on scarp areas. Major crops grown in the district are rice, wheat and pulses. Only 12.21 percent area of agricultural use are net irrigated and major source of irrigations are well and tubewells.  

            

 

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